When it comes to vision and eye health, the primary healthcare provider is your doctor of optometry.

Doctors of optometry (optometrists) are healthcare professionals who provide primary vision care to determine the overall health of your eyes and the quality of your vision.

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What education does a Doctor of Optometry receive?

A doctor of optometry is educated, clinically trained and licensed to deliver the best standard of comprehensive primary eye care.

Doctors of optometry are clinically trained to examine and treat the eyes and visual system of any patient.

A doctor of optometry has:

  • A Bachelor of Science degree or higher.
  • A four year doctor of optometry degree from an accredited university’s school of optometry.
What can a Doctor of Optometry do?
  • Provide an eye exam to examine, assess, measure and diagnose disorders and diseases within the human eye and visual system, such as glaucoma, cataracts and macular degeneration.
  • Recognize and co-manage related systemic conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and brain tumors.
  • Fit and dispense eyewear, including glasses, sunglasses, contact lenses, safety eyewear and low-vision aids to ensure they meet your vision and eye health needs.
  • Most can prescribe medications (this varies by province so ask your doctor of optometry for details).
  • Remove foreign bodies from the eye.
  • Provide referrals to secondary specialists, such as ophthalmologists, for treatment of systemic disease or eye surgery when necessary.
  • Co-manage pre and post-operative care for laser vision correction.
  • Co-manage ocular diseases with ophthalmologists.
  • Conduct research and promote education and advancement in the visual sciences.
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Doctors of optometry do more than determine if you see well. Eye exams are a vital part of your overall health.

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